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ubootfororionsocs

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Extending U-Boot support for Orion SoC

Overview

The Orion family of SoCs includes the following machines:

  • Buffalo/Revolution Kurbox Pro
  • Buffalo/Revolution Linkstation Mini
  • Buffalo/Revolution Terastation Pro II/Live
  • Lacie ED Mini V2
  • Lacie Internet Space V1 (V2 uses kirkwood)
  • Lacie 2Big
  • Lacie 5Big
  • Lacie d2 Network
  • Lacie Big Disk Network
  • Marvell Orion-2 Development Board, Marvell Orion-VoIP FXO, Marvell Orion-VoIP GE, Marvell Orion-NAS Reference Design, Marvell Orion-1-90 AP GE Reference Design
  • Maxtor Shared Storage II
  • QNAP TS-109/TS-209
  • QNAP TS-409
  • Technologic Systems TS-78xx

Sources

Sources are available in a Git repository u-boot-lacie.git. At least, the following branches should be availables:

  • stable is used to build the images distributed via a FTP repository.
  • master is a development branch, holding the patches waiting to be merged mainline.

Checkout command:

git clone http://git.lacie-nas.org/u-boot-lacie.git

or

git clone git://lacie-nas.org/u-boot-lacie.git

Build

To compile U-Boot images, you could use the following commands (toolchain path, cross-compiler and board names to be replaced):

PATH=/usr/local/x-tools/arm-2010q1/bin/:$PATH CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-eabi- make netspace_v2_config
PATH=/usr/local/x-tools/arm-2010q1/bin/:$PATH CROSS_COMPILE=arm-none-eabi- make u-boot.kwb

Downloads

For the supported boards, some pre-compiled U-Boot images are availables in the FTP repository.

Update from LaCie to mainline

Why

The LaCie stock U-Boot comes with a huge limitation. The boot sequence is hardcoded within the U-Boot binary. At reset, U-Boot reinitialize the boot environment variables with the built-in ones. As a consequence, the LaCie system layout (or partition map) can't be changed. By default, U-Boot will load the Linux kernel from partition 10 (update) or from partition 6 as a fallback (default).

Update step by step

This section present step by step how to update the stock U-Boot with a mainline version. Both a serial or a network console can be used to connect to U-Boot. For this how-to, the netconsole way is preferred because the user don't have to build/buy a serial cable.

Preparations

  • Get CLUNC
  • Get U-Boot netconsole utility
  • Enable a TFTP server
  • Install the new u-boot image in the TFTP root directory (could be /var/tftpboot).
$ wget ftp://ftp.lacie-nas.org/u-boot/u-boot-netspace_v2.kwb -O /var/tftpboot/u-boot-netspace_v2.kwb

Run CLUNC and connect to the LaCie U-Boot console

$ ./clunc -i <NAS_IP>
Marvell>> version
U-Boot 1.1.4 (Jan 17 2011 - 21:48:29) Marvell version: 3.4.16  LaCie 1.5.9 256MB

Flash the new U-Boot image

Marvell>> bubt u-boot-netspace_v2.kwb
Using egiga0 device
TFTP from server 192.168.0.13; our IP address is 192.168.0.17
Filename 'u-boot-new.kwb'.
Load address: 0x2000000
Loading: ##########################################
done
Bytes transferred = 214220 (344cc hex)
Un-Protect Flash Monitor space

**Warning**
If U-Boot Endiannes is going to change (LE->BE or BE->LE), Then Env parameters should be overriden..
Override Env parameters? (y/n) n
Erase 0 - 125 sectors...
.................................................................
.............................................................
Copy to Flash... done
Protect Flash Monitor space

Restart

Marvell>> reset
  • Install the U-Boot netconsole tool.

Note that U-Boot mainline don't provide a magic packet mechanism to configure the IP address. It means that CLUNC becomes useless from this point. The netconsole configuration rely on some environment variables: ipaddr, ncip, stdin, stdout and stderr (for more information, please refer to the file README.NetConsole included in U-Boot sources). After the update, this variables will be initialized with the default (or built-in) values: the IP address is 192.168.1.111 and the netconsole is configured to broadcast messages. As a consequence, the server IP must belong to the subnetwork 192.168.1.0. Moreover netcat don't handle the broadcast messages. Instead, the U-Boot tools netconsole and ncb must be used.

  • Connect to U-Boot via netconsole and interrupt boot process (Ctrl-C).
$ ./tools/netconsole 192.168.1.111

U-Boot 2010.12-00216-g5bbbf69 (Jan 24 2011 - 21:38:00) LaCie Network Space v2

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A0
DRAM:  256 MiB
SF: Detected MX25L4005A with page size 256, total 512 KiB
SF: disable write protection
*** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment

In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  3
ns2>

Some usage examples

Save environment on SPI flash

Marvell>> set bootargs console=ttyS0,115200
Marvell>> saveenv
Saving Environment to SPI Flash...
SF: Detected MX25L4005A with page size 256, total 512 KiB
Erasing SPI flash...Writing to SPI flash...done

USB boot

Marvell>> usb start
Marvell>> usb storage
  Device 0: Vendor: UFD      Rev: 7.77 Prod:
            Type: Hard Disk
            Capacity: 125.0 MB = 0.1 GB (256000 x 512)
Marvell>> fatls usb 0:1
            boot/

0 file(s), 1 dir(s)

Marvell>> fatls usb 0:1 /boot
            ./
            ../
  4902372   uimage-kw-2.6.37-rc3-miniroot 

1 file(s), 2 dir(s)

Marvell>> fatload usb 0:1 0x800000 /boot/uimage-kw-2.6.37-rc3-miniroot 4902372
reading /boot/uimage-kw-2.6.37-rc3-miniroot

4902372 bytes read
Marvell>> setenv bootargs console=ttyS0,115200
Marvell>> bootm 0x800000
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 00800000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-2.6.37-rc3-00799-g2dd0ff5-
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    4902308 Bytes = 4.7 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
OK

Starting kernel ...

Disk boot

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A0
DRAM:  256 MiB
SF: Detected MX25L4005A with page size 256, total 512 KiB
*** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment

In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Marvell>> ide reset

Reset IDE: Bus 0: ........OK
  Device 0: Model: SAMSUNG HD103SI  Firm: 1AG01118 Ser#: S1Y5J1KS504652
            Type: Hard Disk
            Supports 48-bit addressing
            Capacity: 953869.7 MB = 931.5 GB (1953525168 x 512)

Marvell>> ide part 0

Partition Map for IDE device 0  --   Partition Type: DOS

Partition     Start Sector     Num Sectors     Type
    1                 63         1975932      83
    2          195334335       195334335      83
Marvell>> ext2ls ide 0:1 /boot
Failed to mount ext2 filesystem...
<DIR>       4096 .
<DIR>       4096 ..
         4507632 uImage-kw-2.6.36-rc2-pm-miniroot

Marvell>> ext2load ide 0:1 0x800000 /boot/uImage-kw-2.6.36-rc2-pm-miniroot
Loading file "/boot/uImage-kw-2.6.36-rc2-pm-miniroot" from ide device 0:1 (hda1)
4507632 bytes read
Marvell>> bootm 0x800000
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 00800000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-2.6.36-rc2-00011-g63a3f43-
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    4507568 Bytes = 4.3 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
OK

Starting kernel ...

Update U-Boot

ns2> setenv ipaddr 192.168.0.17; setenv serverip 192.168.0.13;
ns2> tftpboot 0x800000 u-boot-netspace_v2.kwb
Using egiga0 device
TFTP from server 192.168.0.13; our IP address is 192.168.0.17
Filename 'u-boot-netspace_v2.kwb'.
Load address: 0x800000
Loading: ##########################################
done
Bytes transferred = 214220 (344cc hex)
ns2> fl probe 0:0
SF: Detected MX25L4005A with page size 256, total 512 KiB
512 KiB MX25L4005A at 0:0 is now current device
ns2> sf erase 0 0x40000
Usage: sf erase offset len
ns2> sf erase 0 0x40000
ns2> sf write 0x800000 0 0x40000
ns2> reset
resetting ...


U-Boot 2010.12-00216-g5bbbf69 (Jan 24 2011 - 21:38:00) LaCie Network Space v2

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A0
DRAM:  256 MiB
SF: Detected MX25L4005A with page size 256, total 512 KiB
*** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment

In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  3
ns2>
ubootfororionsocs.1310559973.txt.gz · Last modified: 2011/07/13 12:26 by 89.234.168.65